I think I'm going crazy!
So, I enter? Now, I'm panicking. I hit? I try to set the speed and duplex and of course it says these cannot be set while negotiation auto is set. So, finally, I set no negotiation auto and hit? Viola, there they are! I set speed and duplex full and my interface goes to duplex full. This is not the first time this has happened to me.
In conclusion, I'm either going crazy or this is a fluke thing that happens with the 's. Anyone had this happen before?
Auto Negotiation Cisco Command
Does anyone know if this is a known bug or something? Go to Solution. OK - that is somewhat consistent with my findings that the interface has to be up before setting the speed and duplex parameters. Not good for me as I am configuring devices for shipping, although I guess I could connect the interface to a switch port to simulate the up condition. The forcing OAM active seems to get around that but I am not completely sure about what other ramifications that might have. The link seems to go up and down normally so I am going to continue to use it until it bites me.
A similar result could be had by setting no keepalives but when doing that, the link looks "up" whether it is or not. Anyway thanks for providing the info from TAC. View solution in original post.
With the earlier module GLC-T which is end of salesimply turning off negotiation "no negotiation auto" would allow the speed and duplex commands to be used, but not so with the new module. I was later able to get that branch to work but only after the router was connected. After reading about a similar issue on another thread, I found the following sequence always resulted in success:.
All of these steps may or may not be necessary, but as I use an automated process to configure branch routers at least I know that it works reliably. The oam command and the duplex command do not show in the configuration and the show interface reveals:. In retrospect, I surmise perhaps incorrectly that the link needs to be up before the speed and duplex commands work: either by being connected or by forcing OAM active.
Thanks for the suggestions. Just a quick update on what has occured since I posted this discussion. This was challenging because the issue was already rectified and didn't have the means to reproduce the issue. Long story short, at first TAC provided information saying it's not recommended to set negotation to "no negotiation auto". Instead, they recomend setting "negotiation forced".
Well, this command was not an available command on the I was working on which was running Version To leave set to auto and configure speed and duplex full. This didn't work. The router said speed and duplex could not be set with "negotiation auto" configured. Finally, after the engineer spent time in their lab trying to reproduce the issue on their equipment, their feed back was to, in the future, first bring the interface up with "negotiation auto" turned on.To delay the processing of hardware link down notifications, use the carrier-delay command in interface configuration mode.
Length of time, in milliseconds, to delay the processing of hardware link down notifications. Range is from 0 through Length of time, in milliseconds, to delay the processing of hardware link up notifications. No carrier-delay is used, and the upper layer protocols are notified as quickly as possible when a physical link goes down. When you delay the processing of hardware link down notifications, the higher layer routing protocols are unaware of a link until that link is stable.
If the carrier-delay down milliseconds command is configured on a physical link that fails and cannot be recovered, link down detection is increased, and it may take longer for the routing protocols to re-route traffic around the failed link.
In the case of very small interface state flaps, running the carrier-delay down milliseconds command prevents the routing protocols from experiencing a route flap. Although the Cisco NCS Series Router accepts a value between 0 to milliseconds, the minimum value that is configured to the interface is 10 milliseconds, so as to avoid overloading the linecard control stack.
We recommend that if your Cisco NCS Series Router has a value below 10 milliseconds, reconfigure the value to a minimum of 10 milliseconds, and if required assign a higher value. Enter the show interface command to see the current state of the carrier-delay operation for an interface. No carrier-delay information is displayed if carrier-delay has not been configured on an interface. This example shows how to delay the processing of hardware link down notifications:.
The following example shows how to delay the processing of hardware link up and down notifications:.
To specify or create an Ethernet interface and enter interface configuration mode, use the interface Ethernet command in XR Config mode. Specifies or creates a Ten Gigabit Ethernet 10 Gbps interface. Specifies or creates a Hundred Gigabit Ethernet Gbps interface. Use the show interfaces command to see a list of all interfaces currently configured on the router. For more information about the syntax for the router, use the question mark?
Cisco Enterprise Network Compute System Switch Command Reference
The slash between values is required as part of the notation. An explanation of each component of the naming notation is as follows:. Always 0. The supported interface-path-id ranges are:.
This example shows how to enter interface configuration mode for a HundredGigE Ethernet interface:. To configure multiple interfaces of the same type in the specified range with a single XML interface configuration element, use the interface type, specified-range command in interface configuration mode. Defines a range for the interface that will be configured.
You can either use ',' or '-' to specify the range within system limits. For example, This command needs memory allocation for the specified interface range. Refer to system limits specifications prior to specifying the range in the command. This example shows how to configure GigabitEthernet interface type for a specifiied range:.
To configure an Ethernet controller for loopback mode, use the loopback command in interface configuration mode.By default, Cisco switches will auto-negotiate the speed and duplex settings. When you connect a device either a switch, router, or a workstation to a port on a Cisco switch, the negotiation process will occur and the devices will agree on the transmission parameters.
In the picture above you see a network of a hub, a switch, and a workstation.
All three devices have auto-negotiation turned on. Because hubs can only operate in half duplex, the switch and hub will negotiate to use the speed of Mbps and half-duplex. The workstation on the right is capable of Mbps and supports full duplex, so the devices will use these parameters to communicate. It is recommended that devices on both sides of a link should have the auto-negotiation setting turned on, or both sides should have it off. If you encounter a device that has speed and duplex parameters manually configured, you can use the interface mode speed and duplex commands to set the duplex and speed settings, e.
When one device uses autonegotiation and the other one has disabled it, the device using autonegotiation will choose the default duplex setting based on the current speed.
The defaults are:. And If the device successfully senses the speed without IEEE autonegotiation, by just looking at the signal on the cable.Over the weekend, we replaced our L3 switch. There are 8 Cisco switches that trunk back to the L3.Ethernet: Negotiating Speed and Duplex
I see that one of them auto-negotiated it's connection at mpbs. To fix this, I was going to manually set the speed on the interface to and duplex to full. But when I got into the command line, I see that speed and duplex settings are not listed as available on the gigabit ethernet interface. I checked one of the other just for grins, and it's not there either. How do I either set the speed manually, or correct the fact that auto-negotiate picked a slower speed.
If so I have never tried to set speed and duplex manually on the two Gig ports. My personal opinion here is that Cisco intended them to be used only to uplink to matching switches or a gateway so no real need offer port speed or duplex options.
As such Justin is probably correct that on this model switch the Gig ports cannot be manually configured and Dan is also probably correct and there could be a cabling fault, but do check the new core switch ports as well. If the CRC counter is going up then there is almost certainly a layer 1 problem.
Auto Negoiate normally works. But you are going to have ot schedule downtime or after hours work to troubleshoot the problem. Highly recommend to double check patch cords and whatever else that is in between the devices. When hard setting the speed the connection will also no longer do crossover detection.
Be prepared with a crossover cable. Have you set them to trunks manually? Are both switches running the same version of spanning tree? Clutching at straws a bit now! In the closet with the offending switch, there are 4 drops running back to the server room where the L3 switch is located.
There was one that was not being used, so I moved the switch over and at the same time replaced the cable. New cable is cat 5e. All of the patch cables that plug into the L3 switch are brand new cat 6 that were put in with the new switch. More cat 6 has been ordered for the downstream switch closets. Still only getting mbps. I will mess around with it some more tomorrow if I can.
I can only do so much though because if it take this thing offline, it take out half of a floor and accounting and all of the senior staff are on this floor. Of course I could just move the trunk to one of the mbs ports until I figure it out. It's not like it's going to slow anything down. Just re-reading this Your opening post says you set the speed but doesn't mention duplex. Have you tried using a crossover cable? Still clutching at those straws There is another one of these switches in the same closet with the one having the problem.
Just for grins I switched their trunk cables around. Now both of them are pulling mbps.The switch platform we are using is Cisco We generally use the command show controllers include Autoneg Lnk Ptr abty to decode the fast link pulse messages but that is not supported in the switch.
We have already confirmed that both NIC via ethtool and switch will support 10, and 1G. No auto-negotiation for Cisco - How to debug L1 Auto negotiation issues? In this process, the connected devices first share their capabilities regarding these parameters and then choose the highest performance transmission mode they both support. Configure Switch Ports at the Physical Layer 2. Cisco recommends using the auto command for duplex and manually configuring interface speed using the speed command in order to avoid connectivity issues between devices.
There are 8 Cisco switches that trunk back to the L3. I see that one of them auto-negotiated it's connection at mpbs. To Home. When a Cisco router, configured by default to auto negotiate, connects to the carrier equipment the network port. If the remote device does not support auto-negotiation or uses a different auto-negotiation mode. You can configure the connected interfaces to work in non-auto-negotiation mode, and forcibly set the same rate and duplex mode on the interfaces.
It only takes a minute to sign up. One of our Linux hosts has started switching its gears recently. While checking the interface speed, I could see that the interface has switched down to 10Mbps. I would like to debug the root cause of the issue. We are planning to perform the below mentioned actions.
Given that tcpdump works from L2 and up there is no point in getting the tcpdump. Do you guys have any other pointers? I have already tried to capture the L1 advertisements but the command is not supported. The switch platform we are using is Cisco We have already confirmed that both NIC via ethtool and switch will support 10, and 1G. Generally, leave Autonegotiation enabled at all times. Most often, when you think you need to configure it manually it lands on your feet some time later.
When checking for cable or port issues it's a good idea to check the logged events and port error counters first. Frequent relinking and sub-speed linking indicate cable damage can also be caused by poor cable quality or installation, or exceeded reach. FCS errors, runts, giants and such indicate general transmission problems. I usually move production to another switch port configure appropriately! Then I check out the cable and test the port - Generally, it's a good idea to implement some port monitoring so you'd get an early warning in case a port doesn't link as expected or accumulates errors.
This opens a path to debugging an Autoneg issue between switchport and NIC - by just offering one data rate, you can restrict the autoneg scope and check at which speeds the NIC will autoneg.
However, reading the data sheets of the which variety? A failure in pair 2 or 3 would give a 'link down' you don't actually say the link is up, but I assume so. If this doesn't cure the problem you've probably got a port failure on one side or the other. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. How to debug L1 Auto negotiation issues? Ask Question. Asked 1 year, 6 months ago.
Active 1 year, 6 months ago. Viewed 2k times. Double check on the switch configurations. Link capability and L1 Advertisements coming out of Switch Given that tcpdump works from L2 and up there is no point in getting the tcpdump. Maverick Maverick 1, 5 5 silver badges 17 17 bronze badges.
Not sure if those kind of issues still exist nowadays, but you may want to check the configuration for the interface on both sides. Active Oldest Votes. Likely it's the cable. Zac67 Zac67 48k 2 2 gold badges 32 32 silver badges 83 83 bronze badges. Thanks for the pointers.Devices with different transmission capabilities exist on the network. Two devices must negotiate a proper data transmission capability to communicate.
The auto-negotiation function provides an information exchange method for connected devices. After auto-negotiation is enabled, devices at both ends of a physical link can exchange information and automatically choose the same working parameters.
In this way, the two devices can work at the maximum rate supported by both of them. The duplex mode and rate of interfaces at both ends of a link are negotiated. If the negotiation succeeds, the two interfaces use the same duplex mode and rate.
The auto-negotiation function takes effect only when both the connected devices support it. If the remote device does not support auto-negotiation or uses a different auto-negotiation mode.
You can configure the connected interfaces to work in non-auto-negotiation mode, and forcibly set the same rate and duplex mode on the interfaces. When the working mode of an interface is changed from auto-negotiation to non-auto-negotiation, the interface works at the maximum rate and uses the default duplex mode. Run the display interface [ interface-type [ interface-number ] ] command in any view or the display this interface command in the interface view to check the current interface status.
Cisco Networking Academy's Introduction to Basic Switching Concepts and Configuration
Check the Negotiation field in the command output. Configuring Auto-Negotiation Context Devices with different transmission capabilities exist on the network. For details about Ethernet interfaces supporting the auto-negotiation function, see Licensing Requirements and Limitations for Ethernet Interfaces.
By default, auto-negotiation is enabled on GE optical interfaces and rate auto-negotiation is disabled. You can run the speed auto-negotiation command to enable rate auto-negotiation.
After configuring the auto-negotiation function on an interface, if you remove and install a single optical fiber on the interface, the interface may be Up and the remote interface may be Down. You can run the shutdown and undo shutdown commands on the remote interface to make the remote interface go Up.
Procedure Run system-view The system view is displayed.
Run interface interface-type interface-number The interface view is displayed. Run negotiation auto The Ethernet interface is configured to work in auto-negotiation mode. By default, an Ethernet interface works in auto-negotiation mode. Verifying the Configuration Run the display interface [ interface-type [ interface-number ] ] command in any view or the display this interface command in the interface view to check the current interface status.